Tag Archives: Constitution

What is the Proper Role of Government?

Recently, a mother and her daughter were being interviewed for possible enrollment in our charter high school. In the course of the conversation the mother asked, “When is breakfast served at your school?” When it was explained that we do not participate in such federal programs at our school, the mother turned to the daughter and exclaimed, “Well, I guess you’ll just have to eat breakfast at home before you come to school!”

At least two things are immediately apparent from this incident. First, these government programs are now so much a part of our society that it is considered normal to participate in them. Second, there seems to be less and less understanding that someone still has to pay for the “free lunch (breakfast).” With nearly half of the American population now on some sort of government dole, and the political parties getting more practice on getting them out to vote, it seems that the prediction of Alexander Tyler, made two hundred years ago, is being fulfilled yet again:

“A democracy cannot exist as a permanent form of government. It can only exist until [a majority of] the voters discover they can vote themselves largesse [gifts] from the public treasury. From that moment on the majority always votes for the candidate promising the most benefits from the public treasury, with the result that a democracy always collapses over loose fiscal policy [taxing and spending], always followed by a dictatorship. The average life of the world’s greatest civilizations has been two hundred years.”

A Modern Example of People, not Government, taking care of People

Ten years ago, the world witnessed an incredibly devastating event as a huge tsunami hit the shores of Southern Asia killing over 100,000 people. Pictures were flashed before us daily and hearts were touched. Who did not feel the need to extend a helping hand to these people? Who did not ask the question, “What more can I do?” And so, millions of people responded (not the government) and not only opened their hearts but also their checkbooks, proving that people can take care of the needs of people. The International Red Cross issued the following bulletin:

The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies today announced that the $1.2 billion pledged worldwide in the 30 days since the tsunami was sufficient to meet the costs of the entire Red Cross tsunami relief program.

Following the Federation’s lead, the American Red Cross believes that current contributions and pledges, when received from the American public, will be sufficient to carry out its immediate and longer-term plans to assist survivors of the deadly tsunami that roared ashore December 26, 2004.

To date, approximately $1.2 billion has been given or pledged by donors to Red Cross and Red Crescent national societies around the world. Due to the generous financial contributions from public, foundation and corporate supporters, which now amounts to $236.2 million, the American Red Cross will no longer engage in new fundraising activities for tsunami relief after January 26th.

It is a well-known fact that, by far, the largest portion of the relief funds came from the American people themselves and not their government. There was no forcible extractions for the needy! Among the lessons to be learned from this tragedy, and one which did not seem to be getting much attention, is that Americans are the most giving, not only because they are generous people, but because they have more to give. And they have more to give because they have a system of private property ownership and protection, which, while suffering serious erosion itself, provides for more comforts of life and more surplus to be shared with those in need, than any other system on the face of this planet. It is a system that America’s Founders knew would provide unprecedented wealth and allow this nation to be a beacon, a light, and an example to the rest of the world so they could see what we have and perhaps seek it for themselves.

For several months thereafter there were who insisted that America do more still, and that the government should force the American people to be “more generous” with their property (money) through even higher taxes. America’s Founders called this kind of thinking, which existed in their day in European countries, fallacious. They will not accept the fact that government has no legitimate authority to do this.

Government of the People Can Only Do What the People Can Rightfully Delegate

The Founders recognized that the people cannot delegate to their government the power to do anything except that which they have the lawful right to do themselves.

For example, every person is entitled to protection of his life and property. Therefore it is perfectly legitimate to delegate to the government the task of setting up a police force to protect the lives and property of all the people.

But suppose a kind-hearted man saw that one of his neighbors had two cars while another neighbor had none. What would happen if, in a spirit of benevolence, the kind man went over and took one of the cars from his prosperous neighbor and generously gave it to the neighbor in need? Obviously, he would be arrested for car theft. No matter how kind his intentions, he is guilty of flagrantly violating the natural rights of his prosperous neighbor, who is entitled to be protected in his property.

Of course, the two-car neighbor could donate a car to his poor neighbor, if he liked, but that is his decision and not the prerogative of the kind-hearted neighbor who wants to play Robin Hood.

How Governments Sometimes Commit “Legal” Crimes

But suppose the kind-hearted man decided to ask the mayor and city council to force the man with two cars to give one to his pedestrian neighbor. Does that make it any more legitimate? Obviously, this makes it even worse because if the mayor and city council do it in the name of the law, the man who has lost his car has not only lost the rights to his property, but (since it is the “law”) he has lost all right to appeal for help in protecting his property.

The American Founders recognized that the moment the government is authorized to start leveling the material possessions of the rich in order to have an “equal distribution of goods,” the government thereafter has the power to deprive any of the people of their “equal” rights to enjoy their lives, liberties, and property.

The power given to the government to take from the rich automatically cancels out the principle of “guaranteed equal rights.” It opens the floodgate for the government to meddle with everybody’s rights, particularly property rights.

All Improving Civilizations Have Protected Property Rights

One of the world’s foremost economists, Dr. Ludwig von Mises, pointed out that the preservation of private property has tremendous social implications as well as legal ramifications. He wrote:

“If history could prove and teach us anything, it would be the private ownership of the means of production as a necessary requisite of civilization and material well-being. All civilizations have up to now been based on private property. Only nations committed to the principle of private property have risen above penury and produced science, art, and literature. There is no experience to show that any other social system could provide mankind with any of the achievements of civilization.” (Ludwig von Mises, Socialism, Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut, 1951, p. 583.)

Confiscatory and Graduated Taxes Constitute a Violation of Property Rights

Some people fail to understand the broad scope of property rights. It is more than protection of your home or land. Property is everything you have and own, including your wages, earnings, and accumulated savings. As Abraham Lincoln said:

“Property is the fruit of labor. Property is desirable, is a positive good in the world. That some should be rich shows that others may become rich and hence is just encouragement to industry and enterprise. Let not him who is houseless pull down the house of another, but let him work diligently to build one for himself, thus by example assuring that his own shall be safe from violence…. I take it that it is best for all to leave each man free to acquire property as fast as he can. Some will get wealthy. I don’t believe in a law to prevent a man from getting rich; it would do more harm than good.” (Quoted in The Freeman: Ideas on Liberty, May 1955, p. 7.)

When government uses its power of taxation to take more from you than it needs for its legitimate, constitutionally authorized powers, it is violating your property rights. When it uses your tax dollars in ways you have not authorized them to be used, whether at home or abroad, it is a violation of your property rights.

Limited Government Proves to be the Best Way to Care for the Needy!

Where does this philosophy leave the poor, the needy, the suffering, and the unfortunate? Is there no room in such thinking for those who have less? Quite the contrary, the Founders said. The protection of property rights provides the very vehicle by which much more help can be extended than otherwise would be by government taxation. It provides a way to best comply with the commandment of God to care for the poor and the needy. And it will eventually generate much more surplus so that citizens can better fulfill the command of God to care for the needy. As Benjamin Franklin explained:

“To relieve the misfortunes of our fellow creatures is concurring with the Deity; it is godlike; but, if we provide encouragement for laziness, and supports for folly [through government welfare programs], may we not be found fighting against the order of God and Nature.… Whenever we attempt to amend the scheme of Providence, and to interfere with the government of the world, we had need be very circumspect, lest we do more harm than good.” (Smyth, Writings of Benjamin Franklin, 3:135.)

Caring for the Poor Without Violating Property Rights

But, of course, the nagging question still remains. If it corrupts a society for the government to take care of the poor by violating the principle of property rights, who will take care of the poor? The answer of those who built America seems to be: “Anybody but the federal government.”

Americans have never tolerated the suffering and starvation which have plagued the rest of the world, but until the present generation, help was given almost exclusively by the private sector or on the community or state level. President Grover Cleveland vetoed legislation in his day designed to spend federal taxes for private welfare problems. He wrote:

“I can find no warrant for such an appropriation in the Constitution, and I do not believe that the power and duty of the General Government ought to be extended to the relief of individual suffering which is in no manner properly related to the public service or benefit. A prevalent tendency to disregard the limited mission of this power and duty should, I think, be steadfastly resisted, to the end that the lesson should be constantly enforced that though the people support the Government the Government should not support the people.

“The friendliness and charity of our countrymen can always be relied upon to relieve their fellow-citizens in misfortune. This has been repeatedly and quite lately demonstrated. Federal aid in such cases encourages the expectation of paternal care on the part of the Government and weakens the sturdiness of our national character, while it prevents the indulgence among our people of that kindly sentiment and conduct which strengthens the bonds of a common brotherhood.” (“Why the President Said No,” in Essays on Liberty, 12 vols., The Foundation for Economic Education, Inc., Irvington-on-Hudson, New York, 1952-65, 3:255; emphasis added.)

In our day, it is quite evident to every honest observer that government programs designed to provide equal things have only increased the number of people on poverty and, sadly, created an entitlement class almost too large to control.

Once again, the Founders had the right answer to our modern problems.


Earl Taylor, Jr.

The US Constitution in Social Media

September 17th is Constitution Day and the 17th through the 23rd is Constitution Week. It is the time we are to turn more attention to the miracle that we call America. In fact, federal law requires that the Constitution be celebrated and taught in our nation’s schools more intently during Constitution Week. Many of our state constitutions include words similar to: “A frequent recurrence to fundamental principles is essential to the security of individual rights and the perpetuity of free government.”

In our Making of America seminars we remind citizens that, since the Constitution of the United States was ratified, we have made more human progress in 200 years than mankind made in all of the previous 5000 years combined. The Founders did not consider this a coincidence. To them it was a great latter-day marvel, one in which Providence played a key role in advancing freedom and the protection of the rights of mankind not only in America but throughout the entire world. John Adams said it this way:

“I always consider the settlement of America with reverence and wonder, as the opening of a grand scene and design in Providence for the illumination of the ignorant, and the emancipation of the slavish part of mankind all over the earth.”

Historian John Fiske emphasizes the Founders’ feelings that America has special purpose:

“They believed that they were doing a wonderful thing. They felt themselves to be instruments in accomplishing a kind of “manifest destiny.” Their exodus [from Europe] was that of a chosen people who were at length to lay the everlasting foundations of God’s kingdom upon earth…. This steadfast faith in an unseen ruler and guide was to them a pillar of cloud by day and of fire by night. It was of great moral value. It gave them clearness of purpose and concentration of strength, and contributed towards making them, like the children of Israel, a people of indestructible vitality and aggressive energy.”

A special gift given to modern man to spread the message of freedom

Could we not say, with the Founders, that if it is the will of Providence that His children be free, He surely would help provide a way for the freedom message to be spread? No longer do we need to take days, weeks, and even months to communicate messages to our fellow Americans or even to the world. Information, teachings, messages, and testimonials today are sent instantaneously throughout the world. Can it not be said that these tools have been given us by the Creator to help spread His message of freedom faster than ever before? Does there not seem to be an urgency in us to hasten the work of teaching freedom to mankind?

And best of all, we do not need to go down to the public square to proclaim our message to perhaps hundreds of people. We can now and individually reach thousands and we can do it right in the comfort of our home!

An invitation to all Citizens to use social media to
flood the world with short freedom messages

The remainder of this letter contains quotes from the Founding Fathers and others concerning the creation and purpose of the Constitution of the United States (with emphasis added in places). We invite and urge you to copy and paste these in your messages through texts, emails, Facebook, Twitter, blogs, and any other electronic media you might use. A short quote is quickly read and may have a powerful effect on the mind of one who has not been exposed to the freedom message before. It is a way all can participate in spreading the Founders’ message of freedom which seems to have been lost in the shuffle nowadays. Let’s make freedom the talk of social media especially during Constitution Week!

George Washington: “It appears to me, then, little short of a miracle, that the delegates from so many different states (which states you know are also different from each other, in their manners, circumstances, and prejudices) should unite in forming a system of national government.”

James Madison on the Constitutional Convention of 1787: “…impossible to consider the degree of concord which ultimately prevailed as less than a miracle.”

John Adams: “I always consider the settlement of America with reverence and wonder, as the opening of a grand scene and design in Providence for the illumination of the ignorant, and the emancipation of the slavish part of mankind all over the earth.”

George Washington:  “A primary object…should be the education of our youth in the science of government.  In a republic, what species of knowledge can be equally important? And what duty more pressing…than…communicating it to those who are to be the future guardians of the liberties of the country?”

George Washington: “We may, with a kind of pious and grateful exultation, trace the fingers of Providence through those dark and mysterious events which first induced the states to appoint a general convention, and then led them one after another…into an adoption of the system recommended by that general convention, thereby, in all human probability, laying a lasting foundation for tranquility and happiness, when we had but too much reason to fear that confusion and misery were coming rapidly upon us.  That the same good Providence may still continue to protect us, and prevent us from dashing the cup of national felicity just as it has been lifted to our lips, is [my] earnest prayer.”

George Washington: “The power under the Constitution will always be in the people.  It is entrusted for certain defined purposes, and for a certain limited period, to representatives of their own choosing; and whenever it is executed contrary to their interest, or not agreeable to their wishes, their servants can and undoubtedly will be recalled.”

Thomas Jefferson:  “We in America do not have government by the majority—we have government by the majority who participate….  All tyranny needs to gain a foothold is for people of good conscience to remain silent.”

Thomas Jefferson: “The true theory of our Constitution is surely the wisest and best, that the states are independent as to everything within themselves, and united as to everything respecting foreign nations. Let the general government be reduced to foreign concerns only, and let our affairs be disentangled from those of all other nations, except as to commerce, which the merchants will manage the better, the more they are left free to manage for themselves, and our general government may be reduced to a very simple organization, and a very inexpensive one; a few plain duties to be performed by a few servants.”

James Madison:  “A well-instructed people alone can be permanently a free people.”

James Madison:  “To suppose that any form of government will secure liberty or happiness without any virtue in the people is a chimerical idea.”

James Madison: “The powers delegated by the proposed Constitution to the federal government are few and defined. Those which are to remain in the State governments are numerous and indefinite. The former [federal powers] will be exercised principally on external objects, as war, peace, negotiation, and foreign commerce…. The powers reserved to the several States will extend to all the objects which, in the ordinary course of affairs, concern the lives, liberties, and properties of the people, and the internal order, improvement, and prosperity of the State.”

John Adams:  “Our Constitution was made only for a moral and religious people.  It is wholly inadequate to the government of any other.”

John Adams: “No man will contend that a nation can be free that is not governed by fixed laws. All other government than that of permanent known laws is the government of mere will and pleasure.”

Benjamin Franklin:  “Only a virtuous people are capable of freedom.   As nations become corrupt and vicious, they have more need of masters.”

Samuel Adams:  “The sum of all is, if we would most truly enjoy the gift of Heaven, let us become a virtuous people; then shall we both deserve and enjoy it.  While, on the other hand, if we are universally vicious and debauched in our manners, though the form of our Constitution carries the face of the most exalted freedom, we shall in reality be the most abject slaves.”

Joseph Story, 18th member of the Supreme
Court, said of the Constitution: “The structure has been erected by architects of consummate skill and fidelity; its foundations are solid, its compartments are beautiful, as well as useful; its arrangements are full of wisdom and order and its defenses are impregnable from without.  It has been reared for immortality, if the work of man may greatly aspire to such a title.  It may, nevertheless, perish in an hour by the folly, and corruption or negligence of its only keepers, the people.  Republics are created by the virtue, public spirit and intelligence of the citizens.  They fall when the wise are banished from the public councils, because they dare to be honest and the profligates are rewarded because they flatter the people in order to betray them.”

Daniel Webster: “It is hardly too strong to say that the Constitution was made to guard the people against the dangers of good intentions….  There are men, in all ages…who mean to govern well; but they mean to govern.  They promise to be kind masters; but they mean to be masters….  They think there need be but little restraint upon themselves….  The love of power may sink too deep in their own hearts….Hold on, my friends to the constitution and to the republic for which it stands.  Miracles do not cluster, and what has happened once in 6000 years, may not happen again.  Hold on to the Constitution, for if the American Constitution should fail, there will be anarchy throughout the world.”

Daniel Webster: “Other misfortunes may be borne, or their effects overcome. If disastrous war should sweep our commerce from the ocean, another generation may renew it; if it exhaust our treasury, future industry may replenish it; if it desolate and lay waste our fields, still, under a new cultivation, they will grow green again, and ripen to future harvests. It were but a trifle even if the walls of yonder Capitol were to crumble, if its lofty pillars should fall, and its gorgeous decorations be all covered by the dust of the valley. All these might be rebuilt. But who shall reconstruct the fabric of demolished government? Who shall rear again the well-proportioned columns of constitutional liberty? Who shall frame together the skillful architecture which unites national sovereignty with State rights, individual security, and public prosperity? No, if these columns fall, they will be raised not again. Like the Coliseum and the Parthenon, they will be destined to a mournful, a melancholy immortality. Bitterer tears, however, will flow over them, than were ever shed over the monuments of Roman or Grecian art; for they will be the remnants of a more glorious edifice than Greece or Rome ever saw, the edifice of constitutional American liberty.”

Thomas Jefferson: “We owe every other sacrifice to ourselves, to our federal brethren, and to the world at large, to pursue with temper and perseverance the great experiment which shall prove that man is capable of living in society, governing itself by laws self-imposed, and securing to its members the enjoyment of life, liberty, property, and peace; and further to show, that even when the government of its choice shall manifest a tendency to degeneracy, we are not at once to despair, but that the will and the watchfulness of its sounder parts will reform its aberrations, recall it to original and legitimate principles, and restrain it within the rightful limits of self-government.”

Alexis de Tocqueville: “For sixty years the [American] people … have increased in opulence; and — consider it well — it is found to have been, during that period, not only the most prosperous, but the most stable of all the nations of the earth…. Where else could we find greater causes of hope, or more instructive lessons? Let us look to America, not in order to make a servile copy of the institutions that she has established, but to gain a clearer view of the polity that will be the best for us…. The laws of the French republic may be, and ought to be in many cases, different from those which govern the United States; but the principles on which the American constitutions rest, those principles of order, of the balance of powers, of true liberty, of deep and sincere respect for right, are indispensable to all republics.”

William Pitt, the great leader in Parliament, said of the U. S. Constitution: “It will be the wonder and admiration of all future generations, and the model of all future constitutions.”

William E. Gladstone, the prime minister of England, said of the U. S. Constitution: “It is the greatest piece of work ever struck off at a given time by the brain and purpose of man.”

Sir John A. Macdonald, the first prime minister of Canada, said of the U. S. Constitution:: “I think and believe that it is one of the most perfect organizations that ever governed a free people.”

Samuel Langdon, in 1788: “On the people, therefore, of these United States, it depends whether wise men, or fools, good or bad men, shall govern…. Therefore, I will now lift up my voice and cry aloud to the people…. From year to year be careful in the choice of your representatives and the higher powers [offices] of government. Fix your eyes upon men of good understanding and known honesty; men of knowledge, improved by experience; men who fear God and hate covetousness; who love truth and righteousness, and sincerely wish for the public welfare…. Let not men openly irreligious and immoral become your legislators…. If the legislative body are corrupt, you will soon have bad men for counselors, corrupt judges, unqualified justices, and officers in every department who will dishonor their stations…. Never give countenance to turbulent men, who wish to distinguish themselves and rise to power by forming combinations and exciting insurrections against government…. I call upon you also to support schools in your towns…. It is a debt you owe to your children.”

An additional bonus to spread to your internet friends:
Take our free course on the Constitution! Do the following:

  1. Download or order your copy of our Proclaim Liberty Discussion Guide at www.nccs.net
  2. Follow the link to the discussion videos of Proclaim Liberty on our website.
  3. Enjoy the most interesting and engaging course on the Constitution you will ever hear!

Let’s “Proclaim liberty throughout all the land, unto all the inhabitants thereof.”

Earl Taylor, Jr.

US Constitution & the Bible (Continued)

Parallel Concepts between the U.S. Constitution & the Bible (Continued)

As we continue to show some biblical concepts that were reflected in the Constitution of the United Sates, we quote again from John Adams:

“Suppose a nation in some distant Region should take the Bible for their only law Book, and every member should regulate his conduct by the precepts there exhibited! Every member would be obliged in conscience, to temperance, frugality, and industry; to justice, kindness, and charity towards his fellow men; and to piety, love, and reverence toward Almighty God…. What a Utopia, what a Paradise would this region be.”

Rather than attempt to explain these scriptural passages in our words, we prefer to let them stand on their own. As the student of history studies these references and tries to understand the spirit in which they were given, he will, no doubt, come to see that same spirit in the ideas of the Founders as they structured the American nation. No other source gave to the Founders the ingredients they sought for the establishment of a free people better than the Bible. No writings of ancient philosophers, which the Founders also studied, established the pathway to freedom so powerfully as did the Bible.

As these scriptures are read, it is hoped that insights will distill upon the reader as they did upon the Founders. It will soon become apparent to the honest seeker of truth that, as George Washington testified many times, the Hand of Providence was in this work.

Article I, Section 3 “The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each state…”

Numbers 11:16

And the LORD said unto Moses, Gather unto me seventy men of the elders of Israel, whom thou knowest to be the elders of the people, and officers over them; and bring them unto the tabernacle of the congregation, that they may stand there with thee.

Article I, Section 7 “If any bill shall not be returned by the President within ten days (Sundays excepted)…”

Exodus 20:8 – 11

Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.

Article I, Section 8 – “The Congress shall have the power…”

“To constitute tribunals inferior to the supreme court;”

Exodus 18:22 – 26

“And let them judge the people at all seasons: and it shall be, that every great matter they shall bring unto thee, but every small matter they shall judge: so shall it be easier for thyself, and they shall bear the burden with thee. If thou shalt do this thing, and God command thee so, then thou shalt be able to endure, and all this people shall also go to their place in peace. So Moses hearkened to the voice of his father in law, and did all that he had said. And Moses chose able men out of all Israel, and made them heads over the people, rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens. And they judged the people at all seasons: the hard causes they brought unto Moses, but every small matter they judged themselves.”

“To define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the high seas, and offenses against the law of nations;”

Deuteronomy 4:6 – 8

“Keep therefore and do them; for this is your wisdom and your understanding in the sight of the nations, which shall hear all these statutes, and say, Surely this great nation is a wise and understanding people. For what nation is there so great, who hath God so nigh unto them, as the LORD our God is in all things that we call upon him for? And what nation is there so great, that hath statutes and judgments so righteous as all this law, which I set before you this day?”

“To provide for calling forth the militia;…To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining the militia,”

Proverbs 24:6

For by wise counsel thou shalt make thy war: and in multitude of counsellors there is safety.

Exodus 1:10

Come on, let us deal wisely with them; lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, when there falleth out any war, they join also unto our enemies, and fight against us, and so get them up out of the land.

Exodus 14:14

The LORD shall fight for you, and ye shall hold your peace.

Deuteronomy 1:42

And the LORD said unto me, Say unto them, Go not up, neither fight; for I am not among you; lest ye be smitten before your enemies.

Article I, Section 10: “No state shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or confederation;”

1 Kings 8:53

“For thou didst separate them from among all the people of the earth, to be thine inheritance, as thou spakest by the hand of Moses thy servant, when thou broughtest our fathers out of Egypt, O Lord GOD.”

Article II, Section 1: “No person except a natural born citizen, or a citizen of the United States at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the office of President”

Deuteronomy 1:13

“Take you wise men, and understanding, and known among your tribes, and I will make them rulers over you.”

Article III, Section 1: “The judges, both of the Supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their offices during good behavior”

Deuteronomy 16:18 – 19

“Judges and officers shalt thou make thee in all thy gates, which the LORD thy God giveth thee, throughout thy tribes: and they shall judge the people with just judgment. Thou shalt not wrest judgment; thou shalt not respect persons, neither take a gift: for a gift doth blind the eyes of the wise, and pervert the words of the righteous.”

Article IV, Section 4: “The United States shall guarantee to every state in this Union a republican form of government”

Deuteronomy 1:15

“So I took the chief of your tribes, wise men, and known, and made them heads over you, captains over thousands, and captains over hundreds, and captains over fifties, and captains over tens, and officers among your tribes.”

Article VI, Section 1: “All debts contracted and engagements entered into before the adoption of this Constitution shall be as valid against the United States”

2 Corinthians 8:20 – 21

“Avoiding this, that no man should blame us in this abundance which is administered by us: Providing for honest things, not only in the sight of the Lord, but also in the sight of men.”

Article VI, Section 3: “The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the members of the several state legislatures, and all executive and judicial officers, both of the United States and of the several states, shall be bound by oath or affirmation to support this Constitution;”

Numbers 30:2

“If a man vow a vow unto the LORD, or swear an oath to bind his soul with a bond; he shall not break his word, he shall do according to all that proceedeth out of his mouth.”

After Article VII: “…the seventeenth day of September in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven,”

Isaiah 61:2

“To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn;”
First Amendment: “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof;”

1 Corinthians 10:29

“Conscience, I say, not thine own, but of the other: for why is my liberty judged of another man’s conscience?”
Fifth Amendment: “…nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law;”

John 7:50 – 51

“Nicodemus saith unto them, (he that came to Jesus by night, being one of them,) Doth our law judge any man, before it hear him, and know what he doeth?”

Thirteenth Amendment: “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.”

Galatians 5:1

“STAND fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage.”
Eighteenth Amendment: “The manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited.”

Numbers 6:3

“He shall separate himself from wine and strong drink, and shall drink no vinegar of wine, or vinegar of strong drink, neither shall he drink any liquor of grapes, nor eat moist grapes, or dried.”

In this and last month’s newsletter, we have quoted 28 provisions of the Constitution, each with one or more biblical scriptures that seem to express a parallel concept. There are probably others you may be able to find. In the study of world governments, it may be truly said that outside of the government of Ancient Israel itself, there is perhaps no government that has so many similar institutes to the Bible as does the Constitution of the Unites States of America.
Truly, it must be concluded, with John Adams and other Founders, that:

Psalms 19:7

“The law of the LORD is perfect, converting the soul: the testimony of the LORD is sure, making wise the simple.”


Earl Taylor, Jr.

US Constitution & the Bible

Parallel Concepts between the U.S. Constitution & the Bible

Our last three monthly newsletters have shown the amazing correlation between Biblical concepts and the Principles of Liberty established by the Founders for freedom, prosperity, and peace, and how they were reflected in the Declaration of Independence.

This month we will show how many of those same concepts are also reflected in our structure of government as established by the Constitution of the United States. These reflections should not surprise the honest student of American History. Scholarly studies have shown that the Bible was the most quoted source, by far, in all the Founders’ speeches and writings.

The reverence which the Founders showed toward Biblical concepts in both the Old and New Testaments was reflected by John Adams when he said:

“Suppose a nation in some distant Region should take the Bible for their only law Book, and every member should regulate his conduct by the precepts there exhibited! Every member would be obliged in conscience, to temperance, frugality, and industry; to justice, kindness, and charity towards his fellow men; and to piety, love, and reverence toward Almighty God…. What a Utopia, what a Paradise would this region be.”

When reading the Biblical law of government as proclaimed by Moses, it must be remembered that ancient Israel was a unitary republic of one nationality and one faith. The American Founders knew they must establish a government for a pluralistic society. It was John Adams who took these same functions of government from the Old Testament record (Isaiah 33:22) and, following the advice of Polybius and Montesquieu, pushed for a separation of powers into three branches.

Rather than attempt to explain these scriptural passages in our words, we prefer to let them stand on their own. As the student of history studies these references and tries to understand the spirit in which they were given, he will, no doubt, come to see that same spirit in the ideas of the Founders as they structured the American nation. No other source gave to the Founders the ingredients they sought for the establishment of a free people better than the Bible. No writings of ancient philosophers, which the Founders also studied, established the pathway to freedom so powerfully as did the Bible.

As these scriptures are read, it is hoped that insights will distill upon the reader as they did upon the Founders. It will soon become apparent to the honest seeker of truth that, as George Washington testified many times, the Hand of Providence was in this work.

From the Preamble to the United States Constitution:

“We the People…”

Exodus 24:3 – And Moses came and told the people all the words of the LORD, and all the judgments: and all the people answered with one voice, and said, All the words which the LORD hath said will we do.
Deuteronomy 31:12-13 – Gather the people together, men, and women, and children, and thy stranger that is within thy gates, that they may hear, and that they may learn, and fear the LORD your God, and observe to do all the words of this law: And that their children, which have not known anything, may hear, and learn to fear the LORD your God, as long as ye live in the land whither ye go over Jordan to possess it.

1 Samuel 8:10-18 – And Samuel told all the words of the LORD unto the people that asked of him a king. And he said, This will be the manner of the king that shall reign over you: He will take your sons, and appoint them for himself, for his chariots, and to be his horsemen; and some shall run before his chariots. And he will appoint him captains over thousands, and captains over fifties; and will set them to ear his ground, and to reap his harvest, and to make his instruments of war, and instruments of his chariots. And he will take your daughters to be confectionaries, and to be cooks, and to be bakers. And he will take your fields, and your vineyards, and your oliveyards, even the best of them, and give them to his servants. And he will take the tenth of your seed, and of your vineyards, and give to his officers, and to his servants. And he will take your menservants, and your maidservants, and your goodliest young men, and your asses, and put them to his work. He will take the tenth of your sheep: and ye shall be his servants. And ye shall cry out in that day because of your king which ye shall have chosen you; and the LORD will not hear you in that day.

“In order to form a more perfect union…”

Genesis 2:24 – Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.

Matthew 19:6 – What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder.

Psalms 133:1 BEHOLD, how good and how pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in unity!

“Establish justice…”

Psalms 82:3 – Defend the poor and fatherless: do justice to the afflicted and needy.

Proverbs 1:3 – To receive the instruction of wisdom, justice, and judgment, and equity;

Proverbs 21:3 – To do justice and judgment is more acceptable to the LORD than sacrifice.

Ezekiel 45:9 – Thus saith the Lord GOD; Let it suffice you, O princes of Israel: remove violence and spoil, and execute judgment and justice, take away your exactions from my people, saith the Lord GOD.

Acts 10:34 – Then Peter opened his mouth, and said, Of a truth I perceive that God is no respecter of persons:

“Ensure domestic tranquility…”

Leviticus 26:6 – And I will give peace in the land, and ye shall lie down, and none shall make you afraid: and I will rid evil beasts out of the land, neither shall the sword go through your land.

“Promote the general welfare…”

1 Chronicles 22:13 – Then shalt thou prosper, if thou takest heed to fulfil the statutes and judgments which the LORD charged Moses with concerning Israel: be strong, and of good courage; dread not, nor be dismayed.

Joshua 1:8 – This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth; but thou shalt meditate therein day and night, that thou mayest observe to do according to all that is written therein: for then thou shalt make thy way prosperous, and then thou shalt have good success.

Proverbs 31:20 – She stretcheth out her hand to the poor; yea, she reacheth forth her hands to the needy.

“Provide for the common defense…”

Hebrews 11:32- 34 – And what shall I more say? for the time would fail me to tell of Gedeon, and of Barak, and of Samson, and of Jephthae; of David also, and Samuel, and of the prophets: Who through faith subdued kingdoms, wrought righteousness, obtained promises, stopped the mouths of lions, Quenched the violence of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, out of weakness were made strong, waxed valiant in fight, turned to flight the armies of the aliens.

Luke 14:31-32 – Or what king, going to make war against another king, sitteth not down first, and consulteth whether he be able with ten thousand to meet him that cometh against him with twenty thousand? Or else, while the other is yet a great way off, he sendeth an ambassage, and desireth conditions of peace.

“Secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity…”

Genesis 45:7 – And God sent me before you to preserve you a posterity in the earth, and to save your lives by a great deliverance.

Daniel 2:44 – 45 – And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed: and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, but it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever. Forasmuch as thou sawest that the stone was cut out of the mountain without hands, and that it brake in pieces the iron, the brass, the clay, the silver, and the gold; the great God hath made known to the king what shall come to pass hereafter: and the dream is certain, and the interpretation thereof sure.

Galatians 5:1 – STAND fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage.

Article I of the United States Constitution

“All legislative power shall be vested in a Congress of the United States…”

Exodus 19:7-8 – And Moses came and called for the elders of the people, and laid before their faces all these words which the LORD commanded him. And all the people answered together, and said, All that the LORD hath spoken we will do. And Moses returned the words of the people unto the LORD.

1 Samuel 8:10-18 – And Samuel told all the words of the LORD unto the people that asked of him a king. And he said, This will be the manner of the king that shall reign over you: He will take your sons, and appoint them for himself, for his chariots, and to be his horsemen; and some shall run before his chariots. And he will appoint him captains over thousands, and captains over fifties; and will set them to ear his ground, and to reap his harvest, and to make his instruments of war, and instruments of his chariots. And he will take your daughters to be confectionaries, and to be cooks, and to be bakers. And he will take your fields, and your vineyards, and your oliveyards, even the best of them, and give them to his servants. And he will take the tenth of your seed, and of your vineyards, and give to his officers, and to his servants. And he will take your menservants, and your maidservants, and your goodliest young men, and your asses, and put them to his work. He will take the tenth of your sheep: and ye shall be his servants. And ye shall cry out in that day because of your king which ye shall have chosen you; and the LORD will not hear you in that day.

“…which shall consist of a Senate…”

Numbers 11:16-17 – And the LORD said unto Moses, Gather unto me seventy men of the elders of Israel, whom thou knowest to be the elders of the people, and officers over them; and bring them unto the tabernacle of the congregation, that they may stand there with thee. And I will come down and talk with thee there: and I will take of the spirit which is upon thee, and will put it upon them; and they shall bear the burden of the people with thee, that thou bear it not thyself alone.

“…and a House of Representatives.”

Deuteronomy 1:12-16 – How can I myself alone bear your cumbrance, and your burden, and your strife? Take you wise men, and understanding, and known among your tribes, and I will make them rulers over you. And ye answered me, and said, The thing which thou hast spoken is good for us to do. So I took the chief of your tribes, wise men, and known, and made them heads over you, captains over thousands, and captains over hundreds, and captains over fifties, and captains over tens, and officers among your tribes. And I charged your judges at that time, saying, Hear the causes between your brethren, and judge righteously between every man and his brother, and the stranger that is with him.

Article I, Section 8
“The Congress shall have the power to…”

“… lay and collect taxes…but all…shall be uniform throughout the United States;”

Leviticus 27:30-33 – And all the tithe of the land, whether of the seed of the land, or of the fruit of the tree, is the LORD’s: it is holy unto the LORD. And if a man will at all redeem ought of his tithes, he shall add thereto the fifth part thereof. And concerning the tithe of the herd, or of the flock, even of whatsoever passeth under the rod, the tenth shall be holy unto the LORD. He shall not search whether it be good or bad, neither shall he change it: and if he change it at all, then both it and the change thereof shall be holy; it shall not be redeemed.

Malachi 3:8-10 – Will a man rob God? Yet ye have robbed me. But ye say, Wherein have we robbed thee? In tithes and offerings. Ye are cursed with a curse: for ye have robbed me, even this whole nation. Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in mine house, and prove me now herewith, saith the LORD of hosts, if I will not open you the windows of heaven, and pour you out a blessing, that there shall not be room enough to receive it.

“…to coin money…and fix the standard of weights and measures;”

Leviticus 19:35-36 – Ye shall do no unrighteousness in judgment, in meteyard, in weight, or in measure. Just balances, just weights, a just ephah, and a just hin, shall ye have: I am the LORD your God, which brought you out of the land of Egypt.

More to come next month. Just a reminder:

Psalms 19:7 – The law of the LORD is perfect, converting the soul: the testimony of the LORD is sure, making wise the simple.


Earl Taylor, Jr.

A Republic

“A Republic, if you can keep it.”

Most of us are acquainted with the remark by Benjamin Franklin as recorded in the notes of James McHenry, a delegate from Maryland, when Franklin was asked by a lady after the Constitutional Convention ended, “Well Doctor what have we got a republic or a monarchy?” “A republic,” replied the Doctor, “if you can keep it.”

What Franklin was no doubt referring to was the delicate and time consuming nature of the precious, freedom-preserving document they had just painstakingly authored, and the knowledge he had that it would take a constantly enlightened people to preserve it. Otherwise it would quickly fall into the other forms of government that history shows always results when a people let themselves be governed by the whims of men.

During his life of 81 years, Benjamin Franklin became a master student of human tendency throughout history. He understood what might be termed the “Pride Cycle.” It follows these steps:

  1. When people have real equality and freedom, which he felt this Constitution would provide, they always become prosperous, which is a blessing God always bestows upon a righteous people.
  2. Over time, people tend to lose sight of the Godly source of their prosperity. This leads to class distinction driven by pride and arrogance. This is fueled by strife between the haves and the have-nots. The Fatherhood of God and the equal brotherhood of man are forgotten.
  3. As internal contention and difficulties arise, less attention is paid to external challenges which brings wars from without and faltering economies and famines within, all leading to the demand for a leader with monarchial powers to “fix” it all. This leader usually gains more power by promising more to the “have-nots” who envy the “haves” and who become more numerous and politically powerful.
  4. All these monarchial leaders know to do is to build a stronger bureaucracy with more and more centralized control over the people. Of course, to retain power, they promise more and more gifts to the growing class of poor who keep electing them to power.
  5. Because of heavy government control and taxation, individual initiative falters and the economy produces less and less. In an attempt to keep the gifts flowing, the master-minds incur huge debts which cannot be paid back and eventually the whole economy collapses under the weight of regulation and debt. Chaos ensues, and, if the people are not conquered by a foreign enemy, the central government breaks apart and law and order breaks down. People are left to survive with what they have saved up during the good times. Hopefully, enough law and order can be had on a local level to provide some protection.
  6. When the people have been sufficiently humbled again, maybe they will begin to remember the prosperity, freedom, and peace they enjoyed before and take steps to, once again, reestablish Constitutional freedom. As with all such attempts it will, no doubt, take the shedding of blood to restore.

Benjamin Franklin seemed to sense these patterns of human nature when, during the Constitutional Convention, made the following statements:

“Sir, there are two passions which have a powerful influence in the affairs of men. These are ambitions and avarice; the love of power and the love of money.”

“Reasons will never be wanting for proposed augmentations [speaking of public salaries and political power]; and there will always be a party for giving more to the rulers, that the rulers may be able in return to give more to them.”

“Hence, as all history informs us, there has been in every state and kingdom a constant kind of warfare between the governing and the governed, the one striving to obtain more for its support, and the other to pay less.”

“But there is a natural inclination in mankind to kingly government. It sometimes relieves them from aristocratic domination. They had rather have one tyrant than 500. It gives more of the appearance of equality among citizens; and that they like.”

The Constitution of the Unites States –
limited, divided, balanced – to keep the Republic

It is for these reasons that the Founders in the convention developed a form of government wherein power was limited, divided, and balanced. It is this delicate structure of government that Franklin knew would be difficult to keep if the people did not remain constantly educated and vigil.

When one studies the provisions of the Constitution, these concepts of limited, divided, and balanced power can be observed. In our Making of America textbook, each and every provision of the Constitution is identified-there are 287 of them if the amendments are included. When I teach these provisions to our seniors in high school, they can identify how these provisions limit, divide, and/or balance political power, thereby protecting the rights of the people. Many of these provisions are technical and procedural, such as the one which states a representative in the House must be 25 years of age. There are others, approximately 38 in number, which provide the meat, nerve, and sinew of the Constitution. These are the ones most important and are usually the ones most under attack.

Below is a table containing these precious 38 provisions. Column one gives the provision number in The Making of America textbook and column two indicates where to find it in the Constitution. The next column indicates how that provision was designed to protect the Republic. The last column shows how our Republic is slipping away by changing that provision. Surely, this is what Benjamin Franklin was referring to when he said, “.if you can keep it.” We have not done a good job keeping the protective provisions of the Constitution.

Pr. #
In Const. How it kept the Republic (1) limited,
(2) divided, or (3) balanced
How we our letting our Republic slip away
8 1.1.1 Only Congress can make laws (1) Laws are now made by Ex. Order, Gov. agencies, and Fed. Courts
17 1.2.3 Direct taxes only by population (1) Direct taxes on income, wealth, and inheritance
27 1.3.1 U. S. Senators appointed by state legislature to protect states’ rights (3) Senators now chosen by people. States have no protection in federal machinery.
67 1.7.1 All revenue bills must begin in House (1) Senate originates some tax bills, such as Obamacare. People are not protected.
79 1.8.1 Federal spending only for whole nation (1) Fed Gov. now spends money for individuals and special groups
80 1.8.1 Requires all taxes to be uniform (1) Graduated income tax is not uniform
83 1.8.3 Congress to keep free flow of commerce regular between states (1) Congress now regulates production, sale, and distribution
85 1.8.4 Congress to establish and enforce laws of immigration and naturalization (2) U. S. is being literally invaded by foreigners, both good and bad
87 1.8.5 Congress empowered only to coin money (gold and silver) and regulate its value. (1) Congress abrogated its monetary role to private interests and allowed paper money to become legal tender.
93 1.8.10 Congress has sole authority to define crimes on high seas (1) United Nations and other international bodies now make rules on high seas.
94 1.8.10 Congress has sole authority to define and punish crimes between nations which protects U. S. sovereignty (1) United Nations and other international bodies now make international law which destroys U. S. sovereignty.
95 1.8.11 Only Congress can declare war (1) The president now decides when to go to war.
97 1.8.11 Congress to make rules for captured people or land (1) International bodies now make rules for POWs and captured land.
101 1.8.15 Only Congress can build a large military by calling up state militia units (1) The president now builds himself a military by calling up state militias.
105 1.8.17 Fed. Gov. can only own land in states for forts, arsenals, dock-yards, and buildings (3) Huge federal land holdings now exist for federal forests, parks, environmental areas, etc.
106 1.8.18 Necessary and proper authority only to be used to carry out delegated powers (1) Elastic clause used for whatever power is needed to do about anything far beyond delegated powers.
111 1.9.3 Congress cannot pass ex post facto laws (1) Any new law which affects current rights is ex post facto.
113 1.9.4 Direct taxes only by population (1) Direct taxes on income, wealth, and inheritance
117 1.9.7 No federal money spent except by appropriation by Congress (1) Congress has invented several ways to make expenditures which increase automatically without appropriation.
124 1.10.1 No state can pay debts except with gold and silver (1) Congress and the president has destroyed states’ ability to use gold and silver by making paper money legal tender.
127 1.10.1 Government cannot impair contracts (1) Both federal and state government interfere with private contracts by changing mortgage agreements, requiring paper money for payment, etc.
138 2.1.3 President to be nominated by electors and chosen by House if no majority (2) Political parties have destroyed the Founders’ wisdom in choosing a president, thereby allowing unqualified men assume the office.
148 2.1.7 President to take an oath to preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution (1) President flaunts Constitution rather than protect and defend it.
158 2.3 President must only suggest to Congress laws for the entire nation (1) President endorses huge sums of money in bills designed to benefit special interest groups.
183 3.2.3 Jury trial required in all federal criminal cases. Juries to decide both facts and law. (3) Jury should be trained to decide both facts and law in a case. Many judges insist the jury only decides the facts.
186 3.3.1 Giving aid and comfort to enemy is treason. (3) Court has ruled there is no enemy unless a war is actually declared, hence no treason.
200 4.3.2 Only Congress can dispose of federal territory.(3) Panama Canal was given away by treaty without the House.
202 4.4 States are guaranteed a republican form of government. (3) Democracy elements such as initiative and referendums are causing people to pass unwise legislation.
203 4.4 Congress to guarantee states against invasion of their sovereign territory (3) Border states are being invaded by foreign nationals who are flooding into U.S.
210 6.2 Supreme law of land consists of: Constitution, and federal laws and treaties which are constitutional. (2) Constitution is being violated by both unconstitutional federal law and unconstitutional treaties.
215 Amend
Congress prohibited from dealing with religious denomination issues. (1) All levels of government now must be religion neutral.
219 Amend 2 Congress prohibited from dealing with firearms issues (3) Federal government is unconstitutionally dealing with laws concerning arms.
221 Amend 4 Federal government prohibited from invading a person’s privacy. (1) Income tax cannot be enforced without violating a person’s 4 th amendment rights
229 Amend 5 No private property may be taken without just compensation. (1) Federal government is restricting private property usage through environmental laws.
230 Amend 6 Federal courts required to have speedy and public trial. (1) Trials are delayed so long sometimes they become very expensive and deny justice.
242 Amend 10 Enumerated powers not delegated are reserved to the states or the people. (3) Most violated of all provisions because fed Gov is doing so much
252 Amend 14 Citizenship by birth only applies to those under jurisdiction of the U.S. (1) Those in the country illegally, plus children of ambassadors, foreign students, etc. should not have automatic citizenship.
254 Amend 14 Federal government was not intended to be a watch-dog over the states. People in the states are to solve state’s problems. (3) Federal government is now watching every move of the states and threatening to withhold federal funds if states don’t comply with federal mandates.

This is what Benjamin Franklin was afraid would happen. Out of ignorance or intent, the people would let the above important provisions be ignored or violated and their Republic would gradually slip from their hands. He is credited with saying:

“A nation of well-informed men who have been taught to know and prize the rights which God has given them cannot be enslaved. It is in the region of ignorance that tyranny begins.”

NCCS introduces new study materials
for personal, family, and other group gathering

During the month of January, NCCS will produce a dynamic course entitled “Proclaim Liberty throughout all the Land.” It will be a full-color 230-page study guide, complete with audio and video recordings covering all 28 Principles of Liberty and the entire U. S. Constitution. It is anticipated to be a 15-18 hour course that will take advantage of all the formats available-live, internet, DVD, audio CD, etc. The goal of NCCS is to teach the Founders’ formula for freedom in a more complete, yet compact manner than ever before.

Let’s make the United States Constitution the most widely read document of 2013.

Happy New Year,


Earl Taylor, Jr.

Constitution Week…

Constitution Week – A Perfect Time to
“Proclaim Freedom throughout all the Land”

As most of you know, over the past few weeks NCCS has been involved in an experiment responding to the oft-asked question, “What can I do as a citizen to help preserve Constitutional freedom in our Country?” We have spent as much as a week at a time in each of several states teaching hundreds of people in short three hour evening meetings. It has been a marvelous time during those weeks to teach many more hundreds, and perhaps thousands of people, than we otherwise would have been able to reach. Some of these teaching opportunities included:

  • Church groups meeting at their regular weekly study times.
  • County political party groups where candidates and elected officials were in attendance.
  • Tea Party groups of all sizes.
  • Special meetings with influential people from a governor of one state to legislators and judges.
  • Touring an entire state with the state leaders of Concerned Women for America.
  • Special meetings in churches, one of which was streamed live over the internet. Click here to watch.
  • A kick-off seminar in the nationwide Fortnight of Freedom program outlined by the National Conference of Catholic Bishops in an effort to preserve religious freedom.

Every American can teach the Constitution!

In our teaching we used only one textbook; the Pocket Constitution published by NCCS. Our goal was to help Americans understand that anyone can take this little document and teach some marvelous principles directly from it. It is simple and doable for each American who is concerned about our Country. This little 48-page pocket size booklet contains our two major founding documents, the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. It also contains some powerful quotes from the Founders on the subjects of the importance of educating the people, especially our youth, regarding the foundations of freedom – Virtue and Morality, preserving the principles of the Constitution, and recognizing the Hand of Providence in the founding of America.

Those of you familiar with our book, The 5000 Year Leap, will appreciate the fact that every one of the 28 Principles of Liberty is reflected in either the Declaration of Independence or the US Constitution. With a little study, each American can share the simple doctrines contained in the principles of liberty, and all you really need once you understand the principles is a copy of the Pocket Constitution from NCCS. The following table will help you in your preparation:

No. Principle Category Founding Document paragraphs
1 The Genius of Natural Law Foundations Dec. of Ind. , 1
2 A Virtuous and Moral People Foundations Dec. of Ind., 1,2, concl
3 Virtuous and Moral Leaders Foundations Dec. of Ind., 1,2, concl
4 The Role of Religion Foundations Dec. of Ind., 1,2, concl
5 The Role of the Creator Foundations Dec. of Ind., 1,2, concl
6 All Men are Created Equal Foundations Dec. of Ind. , 2
7 Equal Rights, Not Equal Things Foundations Dec. of Ind. , 2
8 Man’s Unalienable Rights Foundations Dec. of Ind. , 2
9 The Role of Revealed Law Foundations Dec. of Ind., 1,2, concl
10 Sovereignty of the People Foundations Dec. of Ind., 1, concl
11 Who Can Alter the Government? Foundations Dec. of Ind., 2, concl
12 Advantages of a Republic Foundations Const., Art I
13 Protection Against Human Frailties Foundations Const., Preamble, Amd. 1
14 Property Rights Essential to Liberty Foundations Dec. of Ind. , 2;Const. Art. IV, Amd. 5
15 Free-Market Economics Foundations Const. Art I.8, Amd 10
16 The Separation of Powers Structure Const. Art I, II, III, Amd 10
17 Checks and Balances Structure Const. Art I, II, III, IV, V, VI
18 Importance of a Written Constitution Structure Const., Preamble, Art I, II, III
19 Limiting and Defining the Powers of Government Structure Dec. of Ind. , 2;Const., Art I, II, III, Amd 1-10
20 Majority Rule, Minority Rights Structure Const., Art I.2.1, I.5.3
21 Strong Local Self-Government Structure Const., Art I.8, IV.4, Amd 10
22 Government by Law, Not by Men Structure Dec. of Ind. , 2, List of Grievances; Const., Art I.8
23 Importance of an Educated Electorate Working Policies Dec. of Ind. , List of Grievances; Const., Amd 10
24 Peace Through Strength Working Policies Const. Art. I.8
25 Avoid Entangling Alliances Working Policies Const. Art II.2, Art VI.2
26 Protecting the Role of the family Working Policies Dec. of Ind., 1,2, conclConst. Art I.10
27 Avoiding the Burden of Debt Working Policies Const. Art I.8, Art VI.1
28 The Founders’ Sense of Manifest Destiny Working Policies Dec. of Ind., 1,2,List of Grievances, concl; Const. Art IV. 3,4

Preparing for Constitution Week

It is fortunate that September 17th, Constitution Day, falls on a Monday this year; for it was also on a Monday in 1787 that the Constitution was signed. This provides a very fitting beginning for Constitution Week, proclaimed by Congress to always be from September 17 through September 23 of each year. You may recall that in 2004, Public Law 108-447 was passed by Congress requiring the following:

“Each educational institution that receives Federal funds for a fiscal year shall hold an educational program on the United States Constitution on September 17 of such year for the students served by the educational institution.

“…each Federal agency or department shall provide educational and training materials concerning the United States Constitution to each employee…on September 17 of each year.”

This legal requirement provides a background and the authority for citizens to approach local, county, and state authorities and ask them to proclaim September 17-23 as Constitution Week. Our experience in doing this shows that very few if any will refuse to do this. Several years ago one Boy Scout, seeking to fulfill his project for his Eagle rank, sent letters to the mayors of every town and city in his state asking them to proclaim Constitution Week that year. He included a Sample Proclamation along with his personal letter. The response was amazing and Constitution Week was proclaimed throughout the whole state!

With such proclamations in hand it becomes easier to approach many groups and volunteer to help them celebrate Constitution Week in ways big and small.

NCCS is ready to continue to ship copies of the Pocket Constitution in whatever quantity required. (We are approaching eight (8) million in distribution!) Be sure you have plenty on hand.

Nearly all of us belong to a group of some kind—family, church, club, school, professional, work, political, neighborhood—where some kind of teaching can take place either formally or informally. Distributing a copy of the Constitution and pointing out an interesting principle is usually well received. It is thrilling to see people respond to principles when they sense you are not trying to be “political.”

Suggestions for Constitution Week Activities

One of the most successful Constitution Week celebrations consistently held takes place in Gilbert, Arizona. Their website www.constitutionweekusa.com gives a summary of what they have done. Here are some highlights from their past Constitution Week celebrations.

  • Distinguished characters from the Colonial Era visited approximately 40,000 students within the Town of Gilbert
  • Replicas of the White House, Capital, Supreme Court Building, Washington Monument, and Independence Hall were displayed.
  • Scout Clinic – Over 1,200 Boy Scouts work on merit badges each year: Citizenship in the Community, Citizenship in the Nation, Citizenship in the World, and American Heritage.
  • Student Art & Essay Contest – The School Art and Essay Contest is designed for students from 4th-12th grade to think about the Constitution and the importance it plays in maintaining the freedoms we all enjoy. One of the best events of the Constitution Week Activities is viewing the art and reading the essay’s of our young people. They are far more perceptive than adults sometimes think. We encourage all students to participate in this event and ask the teachers and parents to be supportive.
  • Adult Fine Art Competition – Artists may submit artwork, with a patriotic theme, for display and competition at the Constitution Fair.

Saving this nation rests upon each one of us individually

The mission statement for one group of parents desiring to educate their children and grandchildren on Constitutional principles is an example for us all. Their mission statement reads:

“To create a future educated electorate by teaching the children … the true principles of liberty as established by the framers of the Constitution. This will be done for the purpose of preparing the next generation to protect and secure these precious liberties and be ready to take an active role in government. This will be accomplished by utilizing a staff of patriotic volunteers who have been well-trained and prepared to teach the Constitution and its correct principles to students in the classroom. The volunteer teachers are prepared to go into a designated class for up to six separate occasions to teach age appropriate material that will enable students to gain a working knowledge of the Constitution and its applicability to Americans today. Students will increase in patriotism and pride for being an American, and as a result, families will become more determined to protect the freedom factors that are so quickly slipping away.”

The Making of America Seminar

The Making of America seminar is a great way to promote an understanding of Constitutional principles. This is a study of the efforts Jefferson, Adams, Franklin, Washington and others made in rediscovering the keys to the creation of the first free nation in modern times. We’ll trace their adventure from 1400 B.C. to A.D. 1787.

“The Perfect Plan of Liberty” – A look at the solid political and economic principles from the preamble through the amendments to the Constitution. You’ll learn perhaps for the first time how nearly every problem in America today can be solved by restoring these successful concepts.

Let us hear from you as you dream of making Constitution Week a reality in your area. Do what you can this year and let it grow in the future.


Earl Taylor, Jr.

The Power to Tax…

“The Power to Tax is the Power to Destroy”

These are the words of Daniel Webster and Chief Justice John Marshall who lived in the days of the Founders.

Americans have recently witnessed the Supreme Court upholding a legislative act passed by congress that is one of the most oppressive measures in our Nation’s history.The Founders’ formula for individual freedom not only excluded this kind of taxation, but the Constitution they wrote specifically forbade Congress from doing the very thing the Supreme Court said they could do.

It is another powerful example of what has happened as we have ceased studying the Founders’ freedom formula and have let powerful, anti-American philosophies enter into our thinking and transform our great Nation before our very eyes. Here is how it happened.

The Founder’s Fear of the Power to Tax

One of the driving forces motivating the Founders to declare independence 236 years ago was the oppressive nature of King George’s taxes. The Founders knew governments had to have financial means to survive. But their study of history proved that it is the nature of almost all men who come to power, to abuse the people by taking more and more from them through government taxation. It was for this reason that the first government of the Unites States of America (the Articles of Confederation) contained no power in the national government to levy any kind of tax. If taxes were to be levied they would be by the states, and the national government would then request each state to voluntarily give its fair share to the National government.

It was not long after the Revolutionary War began that the Founders realized this system was too weak. General Washington was in the field seeing his men starve, freeze, and die. His pleadings to Congress for more help were answered mostly by an apologetic excuse that the states had been requisitioned and it was up to them to send Washington the needed provisions. Some did and some didn’t. No one knew the desperate need for more energy or power in the federal government than George Washington. Nevertheless, it would be many years before he would see that happen. Meanwhile, he had a war to fight and the inability of Congress to raise the necessary funds was one reason we almost lost the war for independence.

The Founders’ lessons about taxation

As a result of many years of trial and error, the Founders learned some powerful lessons about taxes:

  1. Just taxing the states is impractical, since the only way to enforce such taxation is to send in an army.
  2. There is a difference between direct and indirect taxes. Direct taxes are levied on a person or his property and must be paid by the individual. Indirect taxes are levied on things and are paid indirectly by those collecting the taxes on goods sold. Direct taxes are harsher and sometimes involve force to collect. Indirect taxes are more discretionary.
  3. It was felt that the federal government’s limited roles would be supported entirely by tariffs on imports. The Founders did not anticipate the government needing to reach inward to the people for support in ordinary times.
  4. It was recognized, however, that in an emergency such as war, there would be less imports on which to collect tariffs. At the same time the demands for money would necessarily increase. It was for this reason that the Founders provided a way to tax the people directly in dire emergencies.
  5. In these very limited situations where taxes would need to be collected from the people or the states, the allocation would be on one basis and one basis only – population. It would be done according to census or enumeration. Taxes would not be based on any other premise – not on income, not on wealth, not on inheritance, not on those who chose to buy a certain product or not buy a certain product – only on counting people. It would be as simple and unobtrusive as counting heads!

Constitutional limitations on the power to tax

The Founders felt so strongly about the need to control government officials in their desire to get more money that they put the following restrictions on the taxing power right into the Constitution:

Article I, Section 2:

“Direct taxes shall be apportioned among the several states … according to their respective numbers.”

Article I, Section 9:

“No capitation [tax of so much per person regardless of circumstances] or other direct tax shall be laid except in proportion to the census or other enumeration herein before directed to be taken.”

With these limitations in mind, the Founders felt confident that future generations would be spared the heavy-handed oppression of tax collectors who would invade one’s privacy and confiscate large portions of a person’s property.

The Sixteenth Amendment destroys
Constitutional Safeguards against abusive taxation

The very wording of the Sixteenth Amendment to the Constitution shows how the restrictions on the power to tax have been completely eliminated:

“The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several states, and without regard to any census or enumeration.”

With the ratification of the Sixteenth Amendment to the Constitution, the precious protections from power-hungry politicians were destroyed. As a result, Congress has used this unlimited taxing power to impose all kinds of taxes on the American people on whatever basis they chose – income, wealth, inheritance, and yes, even choices they make concerning what they buy or don’t buy, even health insurance. And the Court has ruled it doesn’t even have to be uniform; it can be graduated and even discriminatory. It is whatever the Congress passes. This position would have been repulsive to the Founders but their protections were destroyed in the Sixteenth Amendment. Since then Americans have been subjected to the same intimidation and property confiscation as were our colonist ancestors who rebelled.

The Supreme Court has used the authority of the Sixteenth Amendment to give unlimited power to Congress to tax and regulate the people for any reason and in nearly everything.

Not only does Congress have broad powers to levy taxes, but the Supreme Court has allowed the government to acquire several fringe benefits by ‘regulating’ some of the subject matter selected for taxation. For example:

“1. The federal government has been sustained in regulating the packaging of taxed articles to prevent fraud in the collection of the tax. This has included the packaging of tobacco, and oleo-margarine. The court justified these regulations under the clause which authorizes Congress to do anything which is ‘necessary and proper’ to carry out the provisions of its enumerated powers, and collecting taxes is one of them.

“2. For the same reason, the Supreme Court has allowed the federal government to impose rigorous restrictions on the manner in which certain things may be sold or transferred and has imposed heavy penalties on persons dealing with these items in any other way. This is the basis for the federal control of the means of dispensing drugs and selling firearms.

“3. Congress may tax any activity which is being carried on, even if it is illegal. These are referred to as federal licenses, for which a fee is paid. These ‘license’ taxes have been imposed on gambling equipment and on the accepting of wagers, regardless of whether these are permitted or prohibited by the United States or the particular state. This was the basis for allowing the government to levy a heavy tax on liquor dealers who operated in violation of state laws during the Prohibition era; also on slot machines which have been outlawed by a state.

“4. Federal taxation has even been used to suppress as well as regulate certain articles. This was the case with the imposition of extremely heavy taxes on machine guns initiated during the gangster era. It has been held that where the tax is imposed unconditionally, so that no other purposes appear on the face of that statute, the court has refused to inquire into the motives of the lawmakers and has sustained the tax despite its prohibitive side effects.” (The Making of America, p. 380)

Following the open-ended and unlimited nature of the Congress’s power to tax made possible by the passage of the Sixteenth Amendment, Chief Justice John Roberts justified his recent decision that the Affordable Health Care Act passed by Congress, otherwise known as “Obamacare” is constitutional. Said he:

“The federal government does not have the power to order people to buy health insurance…. The federal government does have the power to impose a tax on those without health insurance.”

Under the Founders’ restrictions placed upon Congress prior to the passage of the Sixteenth Amendment, this whole issue would never have been allowed to happen.

The people are relying too much on the federal judiciary

In the same recent opinion, Chief Justice John Roberts reminds the people that the ultimate decisions rest with the people themselves. He wrote:

“We (the Court) possess neither the expertise nor the prerogative to make policy judgments. Those decisions are entrusted to our nation’s elected leaders, who can be thrown out of office if the people disagree with them. It is not our job to protect the people from the consequences of their political choices.”

Perhaps a reminder is in order of the warning Thomas Jefferson gave about the danger of relying too much on the federal judiciary to solve issues which the people should be solving in their legislative bodies. Here are several quotes from our third president on the subject:

“You seem to think it devolved on the judges to decide on the validity [or the constitutionality] of the… law, but nothing in the Constitution has given them a right to decide…. But the opinion which gives to the judges the right to decide what laws are constitutional and what not, not only for themselves in their own sphere of action, but for the legislature and executive also in their spheres, would make the judiciary a despotic branch.

“The Constitution intended that the three great branches of the government should be coordinate, and independent of each other. As to acts, therefore, which are to be done by either, it has given no control to another branch…. It did not intend to give the judiciary … control over the executive…. I have long wished for a proper occasion to have the gratuitous opinion in Marbury v. Madison [which established the right of judicial review] brought before the public, and denounced as not law.

“My construction of the Constitution … is that each department is truly independent of the others, and has an equal right to decide for itself what is the meaning of the Constitution. in the cases submitted to its action; and especially where it is to act ultimately and without appeal.

“You seem … to consider the judges as the ultimate arbiters of all constitutional questions; a very dangerous doctrine indeed, and one which would place us under the despotism of an oligarchy. Our judges are as honest as other men, and not more so. They have, with others, the same passions for party, for power, and the privilege of their corps…. Their power [is] the more dangerous as they are in office for life, and not responsible, as the other functionaries are, to the elective control. The Constitution has erected no such single tribunal, knowing that to whatever hands confided, with the corruptions of time and party, its members would become despots. It has more wisely made all the departments co-equal and co-sovereign within themselves.”

Oh, for the original, beautiful, balanced, and limited Constitution our Founders gave us. May we all work tirelessly to restore it, for ourselves and for our posterity!


Earl Taylor, Jr.

Understanding Principles

Give a Special Gift for America’s Birthday

At our weekday three-hour seminars, we use only one textbook – the Constitution of the United States . It is thrilling to see people young and old be able to learn the simple truths contained therein so they can, in turn, teach it to their friends. Here is a simple outline of what we teach.

Understanding the Foundational Principles

It took the Founders 180 years of trial and error and study to come up with the formula for freedom, prosperity, and peace. From Jamestown and Plymouth , where they experimented with communal and socialistic systems, to the writing of the Constitution in 1787, they recorded hundreds of volumes of their successes and failures. They carefully recorded and documented their feelings and observations so that when they came to Philadelphia in 1787, they pretty well knew the basic principles for liberty even though they disagreed on the methods.

For example, observing the near disasters in Jamestown and Plymouth years earlier with communal living, Samuel Adams wrote:

“The utopian schemes of leveling [redistribution of the wealth], and a community of goods [central ownership of all the means of production and distribution], are as visionary and impracticable as those which vest all property in the Crown. [These ideas] are arbitrary, despotic, and, in our government, unconstitutional.”

Under the new Constitution there would be no redistribution of the wealth.

Another example is the absolute feeling of the Founders that the national government should not tax the people directly based on their income. In fact, they felt so strongly about this that they put a prohibition of income tax right into the Constitution (Art. I.9.4)!

28 Principles of Liberty form the
Basis for our Founding Documents

The Founders principles, which are discussed in The 5000 Year Leap , led the Founders to formulate the concepts and ideas contained in the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. The Principles and their place in the documents may be summarized as follows:




Document, paragraph or section


The Genius of Natural Law Foundations Dec. of Ind. , 1


A Virtuous and Moral People Foundations Dec. of Ind., 1, 2, concl.


Virtuous and Moral Leaders Foundations Dec. of Ind., 1, 2, concl.


The Role of Religion Foundations Dec. of Ind., 1, 2, concl.


The Role of the Creator Foundations Dec. of Ind., 1, 2, concl.


All Men are Created Equal Foundations Dec. of Ind. , 2


Equal Rights, Not Equal Things Foundations Dec. of Ind. , 2


Man’s Unalienable Rights Foundations Dec. of Ind. , 2


The Role of Revealed Law Foundations Dec. of Ind., 1,2, concl.


Sovereignty of the People Foundations Dec. of Ind., 1 concl.


Who Can Alter the Government? Foundations Dec. of Ind., 2, concl.


Advantages of a Republic Foundations Const., Art I


Protection Against Human Frailties Foundations Const., Preamble, Amd. 1


Property Rights Essential to Liberty Foundations Dec. of Ind. , 2;Const. Art. IV, Amd. 5


Free-Market Economics Foundations Const. Art I.8, Amd. 10


The Separation of Powers Structure Const. Art I, II, III, Amd. 10


Checks and Balances Structure Const. Art I, II, III, IV, V, VI


Importance of a Written Constitution Structure Const., Preamble, Art I, II, III


Limiting and Defining the Powers of Government Structure Dec. of Ind. , 2;Const., Art I, II, III, Amd. 1-10


Majority Rule, Minority Rights Structure Const., Art I.2.1, I.5.3


Strong Local Self-Government Structure Const., Art I.8, IV.4, Amd. 10


Government by Law, Not by Men Structure Dec. of Ind. , 2, List of Grievances; Const., Art I.8


Importance of an Educated Electorate Working Policies Dec. of Ind. , List of Grievances; Const., Amd 10


Peace Through Strength Working Policies Const. Art. I.8


Avoid Entangling Alliances Working Policies Const. Art II.2, Art VI.2


Protecting the Role of the family Working Policies Dec. of Ind., 1, 2, concl.Const. Art I.10


Avoiding the Burden of Debt Working Policies Const. Art I.8, Art VI.1


The Founders’ Sense of Manifest Destiny Working Policies Dec. of Ind., 1, 2, List of Grievances, concl., Const. Art IV. 3,4

In the Balanced Center of the True Political Spectrum

Today it is popular to hear of the “Left” and the “Right” and political science classes teach that on the Left is a hard-core Communistic form of government and a person far to the Right is a Fascist. That leaves one to wonder where the rest of us are, for it is not comfortable to be thought of as a “Centrist” or a “Moderate” which usually denotes a person who is going with the flow of the current political winds. Being on one side or the other of the Center means one is closer to Fascism or Communism. Under such examination, this whole spectrum proves to be faulty.

The Founders had a much better way to measure government philosophy. They spoke of a spectrum having no government on one end or “Anarchy”, and on the other end was total government or “Tyranny.” It is really the only true spectrum, 0% to 100%, because any political philosophy can have a place on the spectrum, depending on how much control the government has over the people. What the Founders were looking for was a position on the spectrum that had just enough government to protect the rights of the people but not too much to oppress the people. Once they found that position they would nail it down so it couldn’t shift. What they found has proven to be the Balanced Center of the true spectrum and anyone identifying with it can think of himself as a balanced political thinker. This is valuable to the student of Constitutional government inasmuch as the current faulty thinking is to identify a person who loves the Founders’ principles as someone on the far-right wing.

Simple Constitutional Concepts all
Americans can Understand and Teach

Using a copy of the Constitution, such as the Pocket Constitution published by NCCS, here are a few simple principles and Constitutional explanations that will make anyone look like a constitutional expert in the tradition of the Founding Fathers:

  • The first sentence of the Constitution, after the Preamble, reads: “All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a congress of the United States , which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.” This is a very simple but meaningful sentence. Because the word “legislative” means law-making, what the people are saying here is that all federal laws must go through congress in order for the people to agree to obey them. It may come as a surprise to most Americans that there are more “laws” coming out of Washington that we are supposed to obey that do not go through congress than those that do go through congress! This is done through executive orders, administrative law, executive agreements, and judicial legislation.
  • James Madison said that the powers delegated by the Constitution to the federal government are “few and defined.” That means they can actually be defined and listed. And so they are in the Constitution. Article I, Section 8 (page 6 in NCCS’s Pocket Constitution) list about 20 powers of Congress–not some 20,000 that some congressmen think they have. Article II, Section 2, gives the six areas of executive responsibility-not 6000 as some presidents think they have. Article III, Section 2, lists the eleven kinds of cases assigned to the federal courts-not 11,000 that some judges think they have. Very simple! Only 20, 6, and 11 powers delegated to the federal government!

Some popular phrases need to be explained:

  • The General Welfare Clause (Art. I.8.1) : this clause meant that congress can only appropriate money for the 20 powers only if it benefits the entire nation. No money is to be spent for individuals, special groups, or specific geographical areas.
  • The Interstate Commerce Clause (Art. I.8.3) : the Founders specifically forbade the federal government to get involved in interstate commerce except to establish a monetary system and set standards for weights and measures. The only reason they gave power to congress dealing with interstate commerce is to prevent a state from interfering with the free flow of commerce between states. There was no intent of the Founders for federal intrusion into areas of production, distribution, or sale of goods within the United States.
  • The Monetary system (Art. I.8.5): “To coin money” meant that the United States must always be on a gold and silver standard. “To regulate the value thereof” meant that congress must define the value of each minted coin. No Constitutional amendment has ever changed this requirement. Executive orders of presidents have taken us off this required standard. Also, by this power, the people delegated to congress the power to establish and maintain a proper monetary system. Congress unconstitutionally flaunted the people’s requirement and passed that power on to the privately-controlled Federal Reserve System.
  • The Necessary and Proper Clause (Art. I.8.18) : This clause was to give life to the 20 powers of congress, meaning that congress could pass laws to implement these powers. It was not to give unlimited power to congress. It is a popular misnomer when this clause is referred to as the “Elastic Clause” meaning that any law which does not seem to have authority anywhere else in the document can draw its authority from this clause.
  • The disaster of the Seventeenth Amendment : As the Founders contemplated a national government, the one big fear they constantly expressed was that it would get out of control, grow too powerful, and consume all local and state governments in its grasp. This is the main reason some actually opposed the Constitution to begin with. After all, the states were sovereign entities and the states were looked upon as the great protectors of the liberties of the people. To prevent this take-over from happening the Founders limited the federal government to the “few and defined” powers mentioned above. They also created the Senate to represent the states. The state’s legislatures, who would be the first to know of any federal intrusion into state matters, would send their representatives as Senators to Congress. If any bill came out of the House that would erode the powers of the states, the Senate would refuse to pass it, thus protecting the sovereign states. Under extreme pressure from powerful anti-American forces, together with a lack of understanding of this powerful Constitutional concept, the states finally ratified the Seventeenth Amendment and gave away their trump card to control the federal government from intruding into state matters. Some of us feel this is the most disastrous change to the Founder’s freedom formula ever made.

Give a special gift on America ‘s Birthday

Earlier this year we printed 2 million copies of our Pocket Constitution, which also includes the Declaration of Independence, as a special birth-day present to our nation. Between now and Constitution week in September, will you help us distribute all 2 million copies in honor of the birth of the United States of America ? It will also give you a chance to show your “Constitutional expertise” by explaining one or more of the above concepts with you friends and associates. Please fill out and return the enclosed order form, or order online at www.nccs.net.

Happy birthday, America!


Earl Taylor, Jr.

The Need for the Miracle…

2012: The Need for the Miracle again –
The US Constitution

History is an amazing teacher. There is almost nothing which happens today that has not happened in some form in the past. If we just knew our history, we could tell what would happen when we do certain things by just looking at the consequences when those same events happened before. The key is to learn and cherish the lessons of history so that we can both avoid the tragedies of the past mistakes and at the same time enjoy the blessings of past successes.

So it is with present-day America. What is happening today is an incredible replay of what happened 225 years ago. Because of certain economic, social, and political problems which magnified themselves, especially during the four years after the end of the Revolutionary War, the tiny, new country of the United States was on the verge of collapse. Some of our Founding Fathers were so concerned that they actually felt nothing short of a miracle could save us. Do the following descriptions of events in 1787 sound familiar to us today?

The Expectation that the Nation would soon Collapse – in 1787

Foreign nations and even many Americans did not think the nation could endure much more. England kept her troops on the Canadian border so they could move in quickly to take over. Spain began to seize territory along the Mississippi . Among Americans there was even talk of secession and the forming of three new confederations – New England, Middle States , and the South.

Worthless Money Was Destroying Our Society – in 1787

Because there was no national monetary system under the Articles of Confederation, hundreds of entities began printing paper money. John Adams lamented:

“I am firmly of the opinion … that there never was a paper pound, a paper dollar, or a paper promise of any kind, that ever yet obtained a general currency [as money] but by force or fraud, generally by both. That the army has been grossly cheated; that the creditors have been infamously defrauded [some closed their shops to prevent being paid off with worthless paper money]; that the widows and fatherless have been oppressively wronged and beggared; that the gray hairs of the aged and the innocent, for want of their just dues, have gone down with sorrow to their graves, in consequence of our disgraceful depreciated paper currency.”

National Humiliation reached its low point – in 1787

The exciting idea of self-government began to turn sour. It seemed the growing problems were too much for a new nation to handle. The inability to solve such problems as huge mounting debts, lack of military readiness, breaking long-standing agreements, disdain of foreign powers, etc. was humiliating. Alexander Hamilton lamented:

“We may indeed with propriety be said to have reached almost the last stage of national humiliation. There is scarcely anything that can wound the pride or degrade the character of an independent nation which we do not experience.

“Are there engagements to the performance of which we are held by every tie respectable among men? These are the subjects of constant and unblushing violation.

“Do we owe debts to foreigners and to our own citizens contracted in a time of imminent peril for the preservation of our political existence? These remain without any proper or satisfactory provision for their discharge.

“Are we in a condition to resent or to repel the aggression? We have neither troops, nor treasury, nor government.

“Is respectability in the eyes of foreign powers a safeguard against foreign encroachments? The imbecility of our government even forbids them to treat with us. Our ambassadors abroad are the mere pageants of mimic sovereignty.”

A Very Real Potential of Economic Collapse from Huge Debt – in 1787

Founders Francis Corbin and Thomas Johnston were aghast to think of having to borrow money to pay interest on money previously borrowed!


“The United States are bankrupt. They are considered such in every part of the world. They borrow money, and promise to pay. They have it not in their power, and they are obliged to ask of the people, whom they owe, to lend them money to pay the very interest.”


“The consequences of deranged finances … what confusions, disorders, and even revolutions, have resulted from this cause, in many nations! …The debts due by the United States and how much is due to foreign nations! No part of the principal is paid to those nations; nor has even the interest been paid as honorably and punctually as it ought. Nay, we were obliged to borrow money last year to pay the interest. What! borrow money to discharge the interest of what was borrowed, and continually augment the amount of the public debt! Such a plan would destroy the richest country on earth.”

A Spirit of Profligacy Is Engulfing the People – in 1787

In times of depression, both economical and moral, people often turn to the vices to forget or run from their ills. Listen to John Williams of New York describe the situation in 1787:

“Unhappily for us, immediately after our extrication from a cruel and unnatural war, luxury and dissipation overran the country, banishing all that economy, frugality, and industry, which had been exhibited during the war.

“Sir, if we were to reassume all our old habits, we might expect to prosper. Let us, then, abandon all those foreign commodities which have hitherto deluged our country, which have loaded us with debt, and which, if continued, will forever involve us in difficulties. How many thousands are daily wearing the manufactures of Europe, when, by a little industry and frugality, they might wear those of their own country! One may venture to say, sir, that the greatest part of the goods are manufactured in Europe by persons who support themselves by our extravagance. And can we believe a government ever so well formed can relieve us from these evils?

“What dissipation is there from the immoderate use of spirits! Is it not notorious that men cannot be hired, in time of harvest, without giving them, on an average, a pint of rum per day? So that, on the lowest calculation, every twentieth part of the grain is expended on that particle; and so, in proportion, all the farmer’s produce.”

The Federal Government Hanging By A Thread – in 1787

Fisher Ames was convinced that the federal government was headed for dissolution and anarchy if a stronger Constitution is not adopted:

“Who is there, that really loves liberty, that will not tremble for its safety, if the federal government should be dissolved. Can liberty be safe without government?

“The period of our political dissolution is approaching. Anarchy and uncertainty attend our future state. But this we know — that Liberty, which is the soul of our existence, once fled, can return no more.

“The Union is essential to our being as a nation. The pillars that prop it are crumbling to powder. The Union is the vital sap that nourishes the tree. If we reject the Constitution, — to use the language of the country, — we girdle the tree, its leaves will wither, its branches drop off, and the mouldering trunk will be torn down by the tempest…. The Union is the dike to fence out the flood. That dike is broken and decayed; and, if we do not repair it, when the next spring tide comes, we shall be buried in one common destruction.”

A Breakdown of Law and Order Was Turning
Good Neighbors Into Enemies – in 1787

Listen to John Smith, a patriot and spokesman from Massachusetts in 1787, describe what he observed happens in a nation when freed government breaks down and when anarchy then leads to tyranny:

“Mr. President, I am a plain man, and get my living by the plough. I am not used to speak in public, but I beg your leave to say a few words to my brother plough-joggers in this house. I have lived in a part of the country where I have known the worth of good government by the want of it. There was a black cloud that rose in the east last winter, and spread over the west…. I mean, sir, the county of Bristol ; the cloud rose there, and burst upon us, and produced a dreadful effect. It brought on a state of anarchy, and that led to tyranny. I say, it brought anarchy. People that used to live peaceably, and were before good neighbors, got distracted, and took up arms against government…. I am going, Mr. President, to show you, my brother farmers, what were the effects of anarchy, that you may see the reasons why I wish for good government. People, I say, took up arms; and then, if you went to speak to them, you had the musket of death presented to your breast.

“They would rob you of your property; threaten to burn your houses; oblige you to be on your guard night and day; alarms spread from town to town; families were broken up; the tender mother would cry, `O, my son is among them! What shall I do for my child!’ Some were taken captive, children taken out of their schools, and carried away. Then we should hear of an action, and the poor prisoners were set in the front, to be killed by their own friends.

“How dreadful, how distressing was this! Our distress was so great that we should have been glad to snatch at any thing that looked like a government. Had any person, that was able to protect us, come and set up his standard, we should all have flocked to it, even if it had been a monarch; and that monarch might have proved a tyrant; — so that you see that anarchy leads to tyranny, and better have one tyrant than so many at once.”

The Desperately Needed Miracle Happened – in 1787

Two hundred twenty-five years ago, the Founders barely escaped these disasters. They struggled to adopt the Constitution and its marvelous saving principles. George Washington called it a miracle:

“It appears to me, then, little short of a miracle , that the delegates from so many different states … should unite in forming a system of national government.”

James Madison wrote saying it was “impossible to consider the degree of concord which ultimately prevailed as less than a miracle .”

After only two years so many problems had been solved that Washington was able to write:

“The United States enjoy a scene of prosperity and tranquility under the new government that could hardly have been hoped for.”

The next day he wrote to David Humphreys:

“Tranquility reigns among the people with that disposition towards the general government which is likely to preserve it…. Our public credit stands on that [high] ground which three years ago it would have been considered as a species of madness to have foretold.”

The Miracle Can Happen Again In Our Day – in 2012

We could continue to enumerate problems that existed in 1787, but do the ones listed sound very familiar? Did you also notice what the only real solution was in 1787? It remains the only solution in 2012.

Over the past few years NCCS has distributed about six million pocket-size copies of the Constitution. We are prepared to distribute another four million this year alone to help Americans do today what Americans did in 1787 – bring our nation back from the brink of disaster.

Our hope is that Americans will become so conversant with this little booklet that they can teach directly from it, they can ask questions directly from it, they can challenge false political philosophies directly from it, they can show candidates directly from it that it really is the only political platform they need.

Re-energizing this document will save America . Will you commit to do it yourself?



Earl Taylor, Jr.

The Silent Dismantling…

The Silent Dismantling of Our Republic 
by interfering with regular, periodic elections

One of the most feared aspects to the Founders in creating a government was the realization that men, who come into power either by force or by election, nearly always seek more and more power until they approach kingly status. Over a period of several decades, and with historical experience as well as their own good thinking, the Founders eventually employed several techniques to minimize the possibility of that happening in their new government. Separation of powers, checks and balances, frequent elections–all these devices were implemented to curb the human tendency to concentrate power in the few.

Return to the Original Source of Power

James Madison expressed that, since the people are the original source of authority to govern, they ought to be consulted on a periodic basis as to whom they should delegate some of this authority. Said he:

“As the people are the only legitimate fountain of power, and it is from them that the constitutional charter under which the [power of the] several branches of government … is derived, it seems strictly consonant to the republican theory to recur to the same original authority … whenever any one of the departments may commit encroachments on the chartered authorities of the others.”

But how often should the people be consulted?

“Where annual elections end, tyranny begins”

In order to check runaway politicians, early Americans, particularly in New England, wanted them to come back and report to the people very often and at the same time give the people a chance to decide whether they wanted their representative to continue to represent them or not. Many felt that if they left them unchecked for more than a year, strange notions might enter into their thinking and they would cease to be public servants.

Originally, several of the states, especially Massachusetts, had a penchant forannual elections. Their slogan was, “Where annual elections end, tyranny begins.” However, experience soon demonstrated that delegates to a national Congress need training and experience to function effectively. Nevertheless, the Founders did not want to follow the pattern of the early parliaments in England, where the members of the House of Commons remained in office until a political crisis occurred and the majority party could not get a vote of confidence, thereby requiring a new election. The Americans wanted their representatives to return home and face the voters at regular intervals.

In the Constitutional Convention, the Founders decided that two years would be adequate for representatives to learn their job and perform it long enough before returning to the people to see if the people would want to keep them or send someone else. This two year period also provided the people with a regular interval in which to go about their business and a long enough period of time before they had to think about another election. The Founders know that in a democracy, where the people make all the decisions, they grow tired of constantly being involved and cease to have an active interest in the affairs of government. Two-year intervals seemed to be about right. Madison knew that going to the people too often in elections of any kind, whether changing constitutions, making new laws, or changing leaders would bring reactions of the people based more on emotion rather than methodic reasoning. Said he:

“The danger of disturbing the public tranquility by interesting too strongly the public passions is a still more serious objection against a frequent reference of constitutional questions to the decision of the whole society. Notwithstanding the success which has attended the revisions of our established forms of government [the ratification conventions] and which does so much honor to the virtue and intelligence of the people of America, it must be confessed that the experiments are of too ticklish a nature to be unnecessarily multiplied.”

The Founders rejected a provision to recall Senators

During the Constitutional Convention the Founders considered including a provision whereby states can recall their senators from the nation’s capital. Even though a senator’s term is much greater–six years–they decided that the recall provision would throw too much contention into the system and would provide an avenue for unscrupulous factions to take control. Robert Livingston explains:

“… It would open so wide a door for faction and intrigue, and afford such scope for the arts of an evil ambition. A man might go to the Senate with an incorruptible integrity, and the strongest attachment to the interest of his state. But if he deviated, in the least degree, from the line which a prevailing party in a popular assembly had marked for him, he would be immediately recalled. Under these circumstances, how easy would it be for an ambitious, factious demagogue to misrepresent him, to distort the features of his character, and give a false color to his conduct! How easy for such a man to impose upon the public, and influence them to recall and disgrace their faithful delegate!

Then how do you get rid of a public official you don’t like?

Once again the Founders provided for the protection of the people against an errant public official. If the man commits a crime while in office and is convicted, most governmental jurisdictions require him to step down from his office. If he has not been convicted of a crime but still becomes objectionable to the people he is supposed to be representing, then the people need to insist that the checks and balances are working properly to prevent his doing too much damage while still in office. Then in just a short while, at the next regular election, he can be replaced.

The best answer is to restore Constitutional limitations!

Usually, when someone is thought to be unfit for office, that person is most likely doing the bidding of some special interest group and giving them special favors from his high post in the government. The amazing thing is that if public officials were kept within the bounds of the Constitution, there would not be any one public office holder with enough power to make it worth a special interest group trying to buy his vote! The answer to corruption, then, is what our answer is always: Restore the Constitution! It solves all issues!

The increasing use of the corrupting influence of recall elections

The increasing use of recall elections to try to correct problems in government, flies directly in the face of the Founders methodical program of peaceful, self-repair in good constitutional government. It introduces factions and gives them a voice. It disturbs the tranquility of the people by thrusting them into another election other than at the regular, established intervals. It introduces the weaknesses and dangers of a pure democracy the Founders warned us about 200 years ago.

The “Progressive Era” provides cover for the Recall tactic

The years between 1890 and 1920 were years of great change in America’s political structure:

  • Ironically, these were the years when the Founders’ formula for freedom ceased to be taught in many American schools.
  • It was a time when American history books were being rewritten and revised.
  • It was a time when the word “democracy” had finally shed its negative feeling and President Woodrow Wilson declared the United States needed to “make the world safe for democracy” by doing what Americans had elected him not to do – get us into war.
  • It was a time when very powerful forces took control of the public opinion-molding media.
  • It was a time when anti-Founding Father forces began to take control of teacher colleges.
  • It was a time when the federal government tentacles began reaching directly down into the pocketbooks of Americans.
  • It was a time when the sovereign states lost their power in the machinery of the federal government and lost their ability to protect the people from an ever-growing federal government.
  • It was a time when control of our money system was turned over to private interests.
  • It was a time when churches began to embrace the soul-destroying doctrine of the social gospel.
  • It was a time when parental responsibilities became confused and children were raised in other than traditional family settings as their father went off to war and the mothers went to work.
  • All this, and much more is what some historians ironically call the Progressive Era!

It was during this so-called Progressive Era that powerful people wanted to use the power of uninformed people to their own advantage. They saw that such people could be persuaded by emotional appeal to make decisions that would begin to change the way the Founders set up our system to work. Techniques such as recall, initiative, and referendum began to be adopted state by state. These tactics leave the door wide open for factions and intriguing power brokers arguing that it would be more “democratic” if the people began to make more and more decisions. Few people realized these methods were already discussed and systematically rejected by the Founders.

Many good people are duped into participating in recall elections

If Washington, Jefferson, Madison, Franklin, and others would advise not to participate in such anti-republican, masses-manipulating events such as a recall election, why are even good people persuaded to do so today? It is difficult to know the motivation of some people but when a whole raft of historical evidence points to trouble, one must wonder about the depth of their understanding of basic principles of freedom and liberty. They perhaps have never realized that–

  • Recalls are elements of democracy, not republican government
  • Recalls interfere with the regular, methodical pattern of elections.
  • Recall disturbs the tranquility of the people
  • Through the use of recalls the organizers are short-circuiting the normal established channels of checks and balances in an unnatural attempt to control political activity.
  • The use of recalls has been a cover for unscrupulous people who wish to confuse and liberalize the electorate.

Recently, there have even been calls for postponing elections altogether so that government officials can supposedly have more time to solve problems without having to worry about taking time out to campaign for re-election.

Whether the proposal is to cut short a public officials term through recalls or lengthen it through postponing elections, these tactics should be viewed for what they are–an attempt to ignore and violate the beautiful Constitutional system and to instigate a parliamentary system of government based more on the rule by the whims of men rather than the rule of law. Our Founders wisely rejected such schemes 200 years ago.

Let us be faithful to their trust in us by retaining their proven system.



Earl Taylor, Jr.